By David Tong
USA -(AmmoLand.com)- The story of the 9mm Parabellum or 9X19mm cartridge or 9mm Luger is a relatively straightforward tale.
At the turn of the (20th) century, all the major militaries of the world had ditched their single-shot, .45” bore black-powder cartridge service rifles in favor of .30” caliber “small bore” ones, and the early ballisticians of the day who were so enamored with the idea of great velocity also toyed with the idea of .30 caliber service pistols.
Thus, the Model 1892 Borchardt, the 1896 Broomhandle Mauser, and the Model 1900 Luger pistols all used a .30 caliber bore and approximately 85gr bullets moving between 1,200 and 1,300fps. The cartridges proved lacking in stopping power early on, with all due respect to Churchill’s report from the Soudan in 1898.
The German firm of Deutsches Waffen und Munitionsfabriken, Berlin (German arms and ammunition factory) developed and introduced the 9X19 cartridge or 9mm Parabellum in 1902. Little did they know that their progeny was to become the most widely used …Read the Rest